1) Dr. U N Brahmachari an
Indian doctor and scientist who discovered Urea Stibamine in
1922, for effective treatment of Leishmaniasis (Kala-azar).
Upendra Nath Brahmachari
A Pioneer of Modern Medicine in India
2) James Parkinson
(1755-1824), English physician. Parkinson's disease was named after him. He
identified the disease as "shaking palsy".
3) Robert James Graves
(1797-1853), an Irish physician. Graves' disease ( originally known as
exophthalmic goitre ) was named after him.
described the disease in 1835.
(1871-1917), Brazilian physician. Cruz trypanosomiasis, same as
Chagas' disease was named after him.
5) John T. Bowen (b. 1857),
dermatologist of Boston, U.S.A. Bowen's disease, a skin disease marked by
the formation of a pinkish papule or tubercle covered by a thickened horn
layer, and classed as a precancerous dermatosis.
6) Moritz John Kaposi (1837-1902),
Hungarian dermatologist practising in Austria described
Trousseau (1801-1867), French physician. - Trousseau's phenomenon or sign,
and Trousseau's spots are named after him.
Ferdinand von Arlt (1812-1887), ophthalmologist, of Vienna - He was an
eminent operator and teacher, founder of ophthalmopathology, recognized the
true cause of myopia (elongation of the eye-ball) and introduced a chart of
letters, later improved by Snellen.
Herodotus (500 B. C.) describes Egypt, as being full of medical
practitioners, who were all "specialists." The ophthalmic surgeons were
celebrated, and practised at the court of Cyrus.
10) Johann Friedrich Meckel
(1724-1774), German anatomist.- Meckel's cartilage, diverticulum and
ganglion were named after him.
11) Samuel Dugan Bird,
contemporary Australian physician. Bird's sign, a definite zone of dullness
with absence of respiratory sounds in hydatid disease of the lung, was named
12) Caesar P. M. Boeck
(1845-1917), dermatologist of Christiana, Norway - Boeck's disease was named
after him , It is characterized by multiple benign sarcoid characterized by
large nodules and reddish papules which disappear, leaving a discolored
(1655-1738), Danish physician, who taught anatomy at Copenhagen. Bartholin's
glands and Bartholin's duct are named after him
Lorenzo Bellini (1643-1704), Italian physician and anatomist born at
Florence. Bellini's ducts (the excretory ducts of the kidneys) take their
name from Lorenzo Bellini. At the age of twenty he had
already described the ducts known by his name.
Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec (1781-1826), French physician, enriched the
physical method of examination by the invention of auscultation. He
invented the stethoscope.
16) Rhazes (Abu Bakr Muhammad
ibn Zakariya el-Razi, 10th century), a native of Rai, Persia, who practiced
medicine with distinction at Bagdad, is credited with having first
accurately described smallpox and measles.
( 1921 -2001). Indian Pathologist. He made important contribution
in the discovery of new syndrome of Non-cirrhotic Portal Fibrosis (NCPF) and
Indian Childhood Cirrhosis.
Steven I. Hajdu, in his
Who Attained Fame Without Using Microscopy"
names of three great pathologists :
This is an incredible article.
18) Giovanni Battista Morgagni
(1682–1771), - Italy
19) Matthew Baillie (1761–1823), and
20) Carl Rokitansky (1804–1878).
18) 19) & 20)"They all
had anatomist mentors, inherited collections of anatomic specimens from
their predecessors, practiced anatomic and medico-legal autopsy pathology,
believed in correlating clinical symptoms with postmortem pathologic
changes, were professors of anatomy and pathology, and drew students and
followers from every corner of the world.
Note the line: Rokitansky method of
reporting autopsy findings angered some practitioners of clinical medicine.
They became so annoyed that they complained to the authorities in an
unsuccessful effort to have his medical license revoked.
This proves that great
people had to fight against haters and jealous people for thousands of
Still they achieved
greatness because of their happy positive attitude, great knowledge, hard
work, willpower and dedication to their profession.